JESAF Format

JESAF authors should conform to the following guidelines when they prepare their submissions. Authors should not let Microsoft Word, ChatGPT, and other automated correction tools take control of their documents. They should ensure that the document's layout, spacing, writing style, and grammar conform to the JESAF's format, not how these technological Apps shape it.

Template: Manuscript should be prepared in English using JESAF Template. Download Template.  All parts, including tables and figures, should be editable. Figures should be uploaded in the highest resolution possible. More than ten tables and figures are not desirable. 

Page Format: A4 Portrait, Margins (Normal) (top, bottom, left, right 2,5cm)

Font: the main text should be written using the Eras Medium ITC font (11pt.). The main titles should be written using 11 pt. (bold).

Line Spacing: Single spaced throughout the paper, including the title page, abstract, body of the document, references, appendixes, footnotes, tables, and figures.

Alignment: justified

Paragraph Indentation: Indent the first line of every paragraph (7 spaces). Do not indent the abstract, block quotations, titles and headings, table titles and figure captions. 

Pagination: The page number appears one inch from the right edge of the paper on the first line of every page.

Each study should be composed of the following main parts in the same order as shown below:

Title The title of the study (14 pt bold) should reflect the content clearly and be comprehensive. Except for the linkers, each content word should be capitalized.

Abstract a single paragraph, without indentation, that summarizes the key points of the manuscript in 200 to 250 words. It is a comprehensive summary of the contents of the paper. It should succinctly  include the key facts from each section of the manuscript: the aim, scope, method, results, important features and original value.

Keywords Minimum 5, maximum 7 keywords that reflect the whole study.

Introduction The introductory section should explain the basis of the research topic, the significance of the subject in the academic literature, the importance of the study, the research problem and the aims. This section could be integrated with the literature review, or the latter could follow it as a separate part.

Method This section should include the research paradigm and design, tools of data collection, validity and reliability of the instruments, data collection techniques, data analysis, and ethical concerns.

Results The results of the study should be explained with tables, diagrams, graphics or pictures in a way that supports the aim and problem of the study. The data in those tables and figures should be legible and their size should not stretch over the whole page. Long and big tables/figures may be appended. Tables and figures should not duplicate what is in the text and vice versa. This section may be integrated with the discussion or may be separate.

Discussion The results should be discussed by referring to literature and author opinions. It should also include implications.

Conclusion The conclusion outlines the main ideas drawn from the discussions, states limitations and put forward suggestions for further research.

References The reference list should be organized according to the APA 7 guidelines. A reference list is recommended to include between twenty and fifty resources.

Appendices Additional tables, graphics and pictures should be given on a separate page after the references. Each appendix should be numbered Appendix 1, or Appendix 2, and each appendix should have a separate title.


Authors are encouraged to add a bio (max 150 words) to the submission. It should includie authors’ full names, current positions, educational background, experiences, current and previous research interests, and memberships of professional societies and awards received, if any.